Foot and ankle injuries are common in all age groups and can occur during any activity including walking. Some of the most common injuries we see are fractures, ligament sprains, strains, tendinitis and acute tendon tears. These are most commonly treated with bracing, casting, physical therapy, arthroscopy and other surgical procedures.
We also treat arthritis of the foot and ankle which can be extremely painful. Arthritis pain and stiffness may be treated with NSAIDS (Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs such as Advil and Aleve) and if necessary, surgery, including fusions.
Other common disorders we treat are flat foot reconstructions, bunion corrections, hammer and claw toe corrections, plantar fasciitis and Morton’s neuroma.
Learn about common Foot/Ankle Conditions
Achilles Tendon Injuries
The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects the two main calf muscles - the gastrocnemius and soleus - to the heel bone (the calcaneus). Common injuries of the Achilles tendon include tendonitis (inflammation), tendinosis (degeneration), and rupture.
Ligaments are fibrous, elastic bands of tissue that connect and stabilize the bones. An ankle sprain is a common, painful injury that occurs when one or more of the ankle ligaments is stretched beyond the normal range of motion. Sprains can occur as a result of sudden twisting, turning or rolling movements.
This deformity affects the joint at the base of the big toe. It is a bony bump beneath the skin on the inner side of the foot. A bunion starts small, but over time it can grow to become very large. Bunions are more common in women.
Cavus Foot (High-Arched Foot)
This condition is an abnormally high arch of the foot that results in an excessive amount of body weight being directed to the ball and heel of the foot. Cavus foot can be congenital or acquired, may develop at any age, and can affect one or both feet.
This disorder is a deformity that typically affects one or more of the small toes. In many cases, all four small toes are affected. The toes bend up at the first joint and then curl down toward the floor, giving the appearance of a claw or talon.
Fracture of the Heel Bone (Calcaneus)
This condition is a break in the heel bone, called the calcaneus, which forms the back of the foot. This bone supports the foot and is important for normal walking.
Fracture of the Talus
This condition occurs when the talus, a bone that connects the foot and ankle, develops a fracture from a severe impact or fall. The talus is an important bone of the foot, as it aids in walking on uneven ground and in weight transfer across the ankle joint.
Hallux Rigidus (Stiff Big Toe)
This condition, also known as hallux limitus, is a form of degenerative arthritis that affects the joint at the base of the big toe. It causes pain and stiffness in the big toe, which increases over time as the toe becomes increasingly rigid and hard to bend.
This condition is a deformity in which a toe bends downward at the middle joint. The second toe is the one most likely to be affected, but this deformity can occur in other toes as well. Sometimes, more than one toe is affected.
High Ankle Sprain (Syndesmosis Ligament Injury)
This condition is a sprain of one or more of the ligaments that hold the tibia and fibula together at the ankle. This joint, called the ankle syndesmosis, is made up of ligaments on the front and rear of the ankle, and in the space between the tibia and fibula.
This condition is a thickening of the nerve sheath that surrounds a nerve in the ball of the foot. It most commonly develops between the third and fourth toes. It also commonly occurs between the second and third toes.
Navicular Stress Fracture
This condition is an injury to the navicular, one of the tarsal bones of the midfoot. This type of injury is common in athletes, particularly those who participate in high-impact sports that require jumping, sprinting and sudden directional changes. Track and field athletes are particularly susceptible.
Plantar fasciitis is an irritation of the plantar fascia. This thick band of connective tissue travels across the bottom of the foot between the toes and the heel. It supports the foot's natural arch. It stretches and becomes taut whenever the foot bears weight.
Stress Fractures of the Foot and Ankle
Stress fractures are small cracks that can occur in a bone because of overuse or activities that place high stress on the structures of the foot and ankle.
Foot / Ankle Procedures:
- Fusions for arthritic pain
- Flat foot reconstruction
- Treatment for cavus (high-arched) feet
- Fracture treatment and fixation
- Ligament reconstruction for recurrent sprains (Brostrom procedure)
- Achilles tendon rupture repairs and non-surgical treatment
- Achilles tendinitis treatment
- Plantar fasciitis treatment
- Morton’s neuroma treatment / excision
- Bunion (hallux valgus) correction
- Hallux rigidus (great toe arthritis) treatment
- Hammertoe / claw toe correction
- Tendon repairs and transfers
- Arthroscopic ankle debridement
- Cartilage damage treatment